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Complete Guide  to Egypt travel & Tours
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The open air-museum of Memphis

pharonic sites

The open air-museum of Memphis:

Memphis was the oldest capital of ancient Egypt, the first one that was founded after the unification of upper and Lower Egypt


The city was founded in the first dynasty (3100 BC). It is located 20 KM to the south of Cairo, the founder of the city is king Narmar, Memphis served to be the capital of ancient Egypt during the time of  the old kingdom. The name of Memphis is driven from the ancient Egyptian name given to the city, it was called Min-Nefer, and the Greeks called it Memphis, today is the location of a local village called Mit Rahina


The local god of Memphis was called god Petah, god of creation and workmen, he was worshiped with his wife goddess Sekhmet and their sun god Nefer-tom.


Nothing much remind from ancient Memphis, except some monuments from the new kingdom period and later period.


There you will see an open air museum exhibiting a limestone colossus of king Ramsis II (1305-1237 BC ) and I giant alabaster sphinx  weighting more than 80 tons of weight, that once stood out side the massive temple of god Petah.


As well remains of granite statues of Ramsis II and granites coffins and commemorative tablets from later periods.

How to get there

From Cairo central Tahrir Square

Head northwest on the Square toward Meret Basha street

Sharp left onto Kasr Al Nile

Continue onto Meret Basha

At the roundabout, take the 1st exit onto Abd El-Qader Hamza street

Turn right onto Kamal El-Deen Hussein, Make a U-turn , ontinue onto El-Malek El-Saleh Bridge

Continue onto Kornish Al Nile , Take the ramp onto Ring Rd, Sharp right to stay on Ring Rd, Sharp right onto maryotia exit, Continue onto sakkara road

after 19 KM driving Continue past sakkara village , aftr sakkara entrance one KM to the south turnto memhpis village keep driving across the village til lyou find memhpis museum

Interesting tips


Ideally the best time to visit outside sites is during the forenoon, when the sun has not yet reached its zenith. Sadly though being ideal is not always possible, especially on a tight schedule, and so the following is a good idea for when sites should be seen Please note that only the sites which are referred to as “usual tourist sites” are included in this list. For advice on sites not given here, you should contact your tour agent.