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The temple of Hapo

pharonic sites

The temple of Hapo is one of the largest memorial temples in Egypt. It measures 320 M in length ( E-W ) and about 200 M. in width (N-S). It was built to commemorate Ramses III after his death by orders of the king himself. The temple is surrounded by a huge mud brick enclosure wall.  

The temple of Hapo basically consists of a huge gate which takes the shape of a Syrian fort and decorated with battles scenes of the king's wars in Syria. Followed by a shrine that dates back to the 18th dynasty on the right hand side after accessing the huge gate.


There is also a wide open court which leads to a huge pylon, which has


Both towers decorated with battle scenes. The king with the red crown with his "Ka" or his double, smiting his enemies in front of Re-hor-Akhty while on the other tower the king is represented with the white crown of Lower Egypt smiting his enemies in front of God Amon.


One of the most wonderful scenes engraved on the back of the southern tower is the Oxen hunting which represent Ramses III leading his chariot, hunting wild oxen. Here you will notice that the sculptor was very skillful in showing the pain of the wounded animals.


The 1st open court measure 42 m in length and 33 m in width. And its walls are decorated with battle scenes against the Syrians and the Libyans.

The 2nd courtyard (42 m L. and 38 m. W) was converted to a basilica in the early Christian times, but there are scenes representing religious ceremonies especially the festival of God Sokker and min, other scenes represent the king with the priests making offerings to various deities.

The 1st Hypostyle (badly damaged), perhaps was damaged by an earthquake of 27 BC. It contained 24 columns in 6 rows surrounded by 16 chapels 8 to the right and 8 to the left, among the most important shrines on the right side are the 1st one which was dedicated for King Ramses III , the chapel number 2 which was dedicated for god Ptah, the chapel number 4 was consecrated for the boat of god Sokker, and the chapel number 7 was dedicated for the sacred boat of God Amon.


The chapels on the left side were dedicated for storing the utensils of the temples except for chapel number 14 which was dedicated to the sacred boat of king Ramses II and the chapel number15 which was dedicated to the divine boat of God Montho.


The 2nd Hypostyle hall contains 8 papyrus columns in 2 rows. The 3rd Hypostyle hall is similar to the 2nd Hypostyle hall and it ceiling was supported by 8 columns in 2 rows.


At the end of this hypostyle hall there are three entrances one in the center leads to the sanctuary where the sacred boat of Amon- Ra was placed, the one to the right side leads to the chapel of god Khonso while the one of the left side leads to the chapel of Goddess Mut.


The Sanctuary at the end of the temple consists of 3 chapels as mentioned before; it was dedicated for the triad of Thebes and was surrounded by many side chambers.

No, photography inside tombs, including the pyramids and Abu Simbel, is strictly forbidden, which has led to all cameras being banned from the Valley of the Kings (you have to leave all cameras at the x-ray point at the second entrance). Excessive flash damages the paintwork inside the tombs and so, because of people who ignore the rules, draconian measures have been implemented to safeguard these ancient works of art. The simple rule of thumb when visiting sites is: no cameras inside, cameras are okay outside.

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